Sustainable forest management is environmentally appropriate, socially beneficial and economically viable management of forests for present and future generations.
Sustainable forest management is a constantly evolving process, where requirements change over time depending on the latest scientific knowledge and understanding of the concept of society. This means that the criteria for sustainable forest management must be constantly adapted to new conditions and take into account national objectives and the specific ecological and environmental conditions as well as economic, political, cultural and spiritual dimensions.
Basic criteria for sustainable forest management:
- Maintaining and appropriate development of forest resources and their contribution to the global carbon cycle
- Maintaining the health and vitality of forest ecosystems
- Maintaining and promotion of productive functions of forests (wood and non-wood products)
- Maintaining, protection and reasonable development of biological diversity of forest ecosystems
- Maintaining and appropriate development of protective functions of forests (especially soil protection and water protection)
- Maintaining of other socio-economic functions and conditions
Certification of sustainable forest management is the process by which an independent certification body assesses if the forest management certification meets the conditions of certification - criteria for sustainable forest management defined by certification scheme.